AVADAR: How digital health fast-tracked Nigeria’s drive to eradicate polio

A child receiving two drops of polio vaccine during SIA: Photo source: Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI).
  1. Supplementary Immunisation Activities (SIAs) — The deployment of vaccination teams during planned immunisation days in all communities to perform house-to-house visits and vaccinate all eligible (0–5 years) children. On average, eight SIAs were conducted annually across the polio-endemic states (Kano, Katsina, Kaduna, Jigawa, Sokoto, Kebbi, Zamfara and Borno).
  2. Poliovirus surveillance: Searching and reporting children (0–15 years) with Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) (the only symptom for poliovirus). AFP is the sudden onset of paralysis in children.
Hand-drawn map of Dundubus ward of Dutse LGA, Jigawa state. Photo source: Gates Notes
How AVADAR works. Infographic source: Umar Kabo Idris
DSNO of Konduga LGA, Borno state, carrying out investigation of a reported suspected AFP. Photo source: Borno state state AVADAR team
A local traditional healer, who doubles as AVADAR community volunteer in action searching for GPS coordinates as part of the App walkthrough: Photo credit: Nigeria Health Watch
The results of the VTS tracking system in Nigeria between 2013–2019. Infographic source: Umar Kabo Idris
GIS-Map for micro-planning of Kacha ward, Dutse LGA, Jigawa state showing the distribution of vaccination teams across settlements. Photo source: NPHCDA
Polio Vaccination team ahead of their house-to-house visit during a March 2016 SIA. Photo source: eHealth Africa
Visualization of the VTS dashboard at the Polio Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) in Kano state during the April 2015 SIA. Photo Source: Umar Kabo Idris



Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store
Nigeria Health Watch

Nigeria Health Watch

We use informed advocacy and communication to influence health policy and seek better health and access to healthcare in Nigeria. nigeriahealthwatch.com